The theme of fascism as the product of sexual repression falls hard when Germany’s nudity movements (Nacktkultur or Freikörperkultur) are considered. Since the late nineteenth century, associations arose dedicated to allowing good bourgeois men and women the opportunity to free themselves of their clothing, to move and exercise in nature without sartorial incumberences (without sexual overtones, of course). Most groups were conservative, but socialist and communist parties offered their members similar opportunities, as profile in this piece in Der Spiegel (in German, but with pictures–no leering, please).

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