Closing the Circle: What tended to frustrate me about the blogger site is that I continually lost track of the resources and conversations that had taken place. As I’ve compiled the resources section by looking through old post, I discovered this inquiry from eb into the name “Navajos” as used by the Cologne youth gangs from the Nazi era. At the time I speculated as best I could: Germans had their own genre of “Westerns”, and perhaps the reference was drawn therefrom.

The truth is more complicated. NS-Dokumentationszentrum, a museum of Nazism set up in Cologne’s former SS headquarters, recently expanded their information on youth gangs with Von Navajos und Edelweisspiraten: Unangepasstes Jugendverhalten in Köln, 1933-1945 (Of Navajos and Edelweiss Pirates: Maladjusted Adolescence in Cologne) to include song lyrics, biographies of members and groups, etc. According to the Lexicon, the public derogatorily referred to the wild members as “Navajos“, which they eventually appropriated themselves. How they saw themselves can better gleaned from their song, Die Sonne von Mexico (Der Navajo), which expresses a sense of independence in the Wild West. (I’ll try a translation later.)

Architecture: Die Stern highlights some of Ralf Meyer’s Architechtonische Nachhut, a photography book of the contemporary use of buildings by Nazi and East German regimes. More can be seen at the photographer’s website (if you can maneuver through it). You should also check out a contemporary bit of German classicisim, the New Great Pyramid, a solution to all your burial needs.

Integration and Internationalism: In Immigrants Adrift in the Ancient World, Phil Pharland continues his inquiry to immigrant communities, focusing on their connections with both host and home societies.

My recent research into inscriptions that involve Syrians who settled elsewhere and formed themselves into associations points rather to the ways in which such “foreigners” maintained connections with the cultural traditions of their homeland while also finding a home for themselves in the society of settlement. Syrian immigrants acculturated, to various degrees, to local customs while also sustaining a sense of distinctiveness. In particular, there is a consistency in Syrians’ attention to the “gods of the homeland”.

Memories and Massacres: Global Voices Online remembers the mass executions in Iran in 1988.

To Study Them, You Must Live Like Them: Far OutliersRomania, 1984: Toilet Paper Tales offers an amusing, perhaps cautionary, anecdote about studying abroad.