Deutsche Welle has a look at some of the micro-states in Europe and other odd-ball territories , most of which are not part of the EU. Here are some of the more interesting ones:

  • Andorra, the little ski paradise in the Pyrenees, was ruled by the President of France and a Spanish bishop until the seventies. After a parliament established, the two “co-princes” continued to serve as heads of state.
  • Gibraltar remains a British possession, despite an agreement between Britain and Spain, because the majority of the residents did not want joint rule.
  • Kalingrad is a small Russian enclave on the Baltic that is threatened with being swallowed up be neighboring Poland and Lithuanian. The economic and diplomatic costs of keeping it connected to Russia are high.